Central Banks and Financial Markets: The Declining Power of US Monetary Policy
- Erinç Yeldan, Yasar University, Turkey
'This provocative book shows that the Federal Reserve has, in the last four decades, gradually lost influence over credit and financial markets. This argument, supported by institutional analysis and econometric tests, has two explosive implications: first, Federal Reserve policy did not cause the subprime crisis; second, central banks no longer have instruments for intervening in economies whose growth they are now expected to restore. Anyone concerned with the future of global capitalism should consider Cömert s work as a matter of urgency.'
- Gary Dymski, Leeds University Business School, UK and University of California, Riverside, US
'Prior to the outbreak of the financial crisis in 2008, mainstream economists celebrated a 'New Consensus' on monetary policy in which independent central banks were assumed able to bring about a 'Great Moderation' of low inflation and high economic growth by manipulating short-term interest rates. In this important and interesting book, Hasan Cömert demonstrates convincingly, through institutional analysis and econometrics, that central banks lost control of the price and quantity of credit starting two decades before this celebration. He shows that central banks themselves, through their support of financial market deregulation and globalization, helped bring about both monetary policy impotence and the global crisis. It's a must-read.'
- James Crotty, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, US
In the wake of the financial crisis of 2008, there has been increasing debate over the appropriate role of central banks in mitigating economic disaster. This timely volume combines detailed historical and econometric analyses to explore the profound changes that occurred within the US financial system from the 1980s to the present, and shows how these changes have affected the US economy.
Hasan Cömert demonstrates how dramatic shifts in the financial system undermined the ability of the US Federal Reserve to control the price and quantity of credit. He identifies several key factors that facilitated this loss of control, including deregulation, rapid financial innovations, increased financial integration and a number of policy decisions implemented within the Federal Reserve itself. Through a combination of several methods, including historical and institutional analyses, descriptive statistics, simulation and econometric techniques, the author provides a well-rounded and vitally important picture of the US financial system and offers insightful policy recommendations for the future.
Students, professors and policymakers with an interest in economics, finance, banking and monetary policy will no doubt find this book a fascinating and invaluable resource.
Contents: Foreword 1. Introduction 2. The Co-evolution of Monetary Policy and the US Financial System: Declining Effectiveness of US Monetary Policy 3. Decreasing Balance Sheet Constraints on Financial Firms 4. Weakening Relationship between the Federal Funds Rate and Long-term Interest Rates: Decreasing Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in the US 5. Did the Fed Create the US Financial Crisis of 2008? 6. Concluding Remarks Bibliography Index