Intellectual Property, Antitrust and Cumulative Innovation in the EU and the US (Hart Studies in Com
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Yayıncı Hart Publishing ( 06 / 2012 ) ISBN 9781849463065 | Ciltli | 17,6x24,61x2,59 cm. | İngilizce | 330 Sayfa | Türler Hukuk
For decades, the debate about the tension between intellectual property (IP) and antitrust law has revolved around the question to what extent antitrust should accept that IP laws may bar competition in order to stimulate innovation. The rise of IP rights in recent years has highlighted the problem that IP may also impede innovation, if research for new technologies or the marketing of new products requires access to protected prior innovation. How this 'cumulative innovation' is actually accounted for under IP and antitrust laws in the EU and the US, and how it could alternatively be dealt with, are the central questions addressed in this unique study. Taking an integrated view of both IP and antitrust rules - in particular, on refusals to deal based on IP - the book assesses policy levers under European and US patent, copyright, and trade secrecy laws, such as the bar for and scope of protection, as well as research exemptions, compulsory licensing regimes, and misuse doctrines. It analyzes what the allocation of tasks is and should be between these IP levers and antitrust rules - in particular, the law on abuse of dominance (Article 102 TFEU) and monopolization (Section 2, Sherman Act). Particular attention is paid to the essential facilities doctrine, including pricing methodologies for access to IP. Many recent decisions and judgments are put into a coherent analytical framework, such as IMS Health, AstraZeneca, GlaxoSmithKline (in the EU), Apple (France), Orange Book Standard (Germany), Trinko, Rambus, NYMEX, eBay (US), Microsoft, and IBM/T3 (both EU and US). Further topics are covered, including IP protection for software, interoperability information, and databases; industry-specific tailoring of IP; antitrust innovation market analysis; and the WTO law on the IP/antitrust interface. (Series: Hart Studies in Competition Law - Vol. 1)