Yezidis : The History of a Community, Culture and Religion - Açıkyıldız, Birgül

Yezidis : The History of a Community, Culture and Religion

Birgül Açıkyıldız

Yayınevi: I.B. Tauris

Yayın tarihi: 09/2010

ISBN: 9781848852747

Ciltli | İngilizce | 304 Sayfa | 16x23,6x2,79 cm.

Tür: Azınlık-Etnik

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Yezidism is a fascinating part of the rich cultural mosaic of the Middle East. Yezidis emerged for the first time in the 12th century in the Kurdish mountains of northern Iraq. Their religion, which has become notorious for its associations with 'devil worship', is in fact an intricate syncretic system of belief, incorporating elements from proto-Indo-European religions, early Persian faiths like Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism, Sufism and regional paganism like Mithraism. Birgul Acikyildiz offers a comprehensive appraisal of Yezidi religion, society and culture. Written without presupposing any prior knowledge about Yezidism, and in an accessible and readable style, her book examines Yezidis not only from a religious point of view but as a historical and social phenomenon. She throws light on the origins of Yezidism, and charts its historical development - from its beginnings to the present - as part of the general history of the Kurds.

The author describes the Yezidi belief system (which considers Melek Taus - the 'Peacock Angel' - to be ruler of the earth) and its religious practices and observances, analysing the most important facets of Yezidi religious art and architecture and their relationship to their neighbours throughout the Middle East. Richly illustrated, with accompanying maps, photographs and illustrations, the book will have strong appeal to all those with an interest in the culture of the Kurds, as well as the wider region.

List of Illustrations Acknowledgements Abbreviations Introduction Chapter I: Origins, History and Development Yezidis in Mesopotamia and Anatolia Yezidis in Syria Yezidis in Transcaucasia Chapter II: Religious Belief System 1. God, Angels and the Trinity God (Xwedê) Angels The Peacock Angel (Tawûsî Melek) Sultan Êzi Sheikh ‘Ad? 2. Yezidi Mythology Creation of Cosmos and Universe Creation of Human Being The Flood 3. Holy Books 4. Religious Hierarchy Chapter III: Religious Practices, Observances and Rituals Haircut, Baptism, Circumcision, Brother of the Hereafter, Marriage, Death Prayer Fast Pilgrimage Festivals and Ceremonies Taboos Chapter IV: Material Culture Homeland, Landscape, Sacred Places Places of Worship The Sanctuary Mausoleums Shrines The Baptistery Caves Tombstones Conclusion Appendixes Glossary Notes

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