Regional Peacemaking and Conflict Resolution : A Comparative Approach  - Lutmar, Carmela

Regional Peacemaking and Conflict Resolution : A Comparative Approach

Carmela Lutmar

Yayınevi: Routledge

Yayın tarihi: 06/2015

ISBN: 9781138022133

Yazar : Benjamin Miller

İngilizce | 240 Sayfa |

Tür: Uluslararası İlişkiler

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This volume examines mechanisms for regional pacification and conflict resolution in Europe and the Middle East. 

Scholars in international relations have noted in the past that while much effort has been in discovering the causes of war, little research has been devoted so far to uncovering the conditions for peace, and the factors that contribute to stabilizing the state of peace. In this book, the authors attempt to assess the factors that contribute to regional (rather than state-to-state) pacification.  As part  of  the recent  resurgence of  scholarly interest  in regions and regionalism , several  studies have been devoted to the subject of regional peace and peacemaking but almost no study to date has made a systematic comparison of  two regions that are particularly  prominent and important  for the subject of  regional pacification: Europe and the Middle East. These two regions occupy opposite poles on the war-to-peace continuum.

Europe is the paradigmatic 20th-century case of successful peacemaking that has exceeded all initial expectations.  In about  half  a century (since  1945) E urope  has gone  from  being  the world’s most  dangerous war zone to a  zone of peace - with a  level of peace that  has not been  equaled  before or  since. The  European  zone of  peace  has expanded  since  t h e end o f  the  Cold  Wa r  to include  Eastern  Europe, and  it continues to f lourish despite the  recent economic crisis. In contrast, the Middle East re m a i ns enmired in conflicts –both domestic and regional. The decades-long  Arab-Israeli  (and  particularly  Palestinian-Israeli)  conflict  remains one of the world’s most intractable, and stubbornly resists all attempts at  resolution. In  addition, there  is also a  variety of other conflicts in  the region, both inter-state are  domestic in  origin, that  are  unrelated  to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict -- as was seen, for  example, in  the  recent  (and still unfolding) events of  the “Arab Spring”.

This work evaluates the research on regional pacification, the incentives that motivate states in establishing peaceful relations, and most importantly, how regions become peaceful, by identifying the causal mechanisms between various war outcomes and the prospects for establishing regional peace.  It discusses the conditions under which various types of “peace” might emerge on a regional level – warm peace, cold peace, etc, and the factors most likely to determine the outcome. 

This work will be of much interest to students of regional security, peacemaking, conflict mangement, Middle East politics, European security and IR in general.

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