Statistics 11e PIE

James T. McClave

Yayınevi: Pearson Education

Yayın tarihi: 01/2008

ISBN: 9780132363440

Yazar : William Mendenhall Terry Sincich

İngilizce | 864 Sayfa | Büyük boy  |  216 mm x 276 mm

The Eleventh Edition of this highly-regarded introductory text emphasizes inference and sound decision-making through its extensive coverage of data collection and analysis. McClave develops statistical thinking and teaches students to properly assess the credibility of inferences--from the vantage point of both the consumer and the producer. This edition incorporates more exercises and more visual features, such as redesigned end-of-chapter summaries and an increased use of applets. This text assumes a mathematical background of basic algebra. Datasets and other resources (where applicable) for this book are available here.

Contents:
1. Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking
1.1 The Science of Statistics
1.2 Types of Statistical Applications
1.3 Fundamental Elements of Statistics
1.4 Types of Data
1.5 Collecting Data
1.6 The Role of Statistics in Critical Thinking
Statistics in Action: USA Weekend Teen Surveys — Are Boys Really from Mars and Girls from Venus?
Using Technology: Creating and Listing Data in MINITAB
2. Methods for Describing Sets of Data
2.1 Describing Qualitative Data
2.2 Graphical Methods for Describing Quantitative Data
2.3 Summation Notation
2.4 Numerical Measures of Central Tendency
2.5 Numerical Measures of Variability
2.6 Interpreting the Standard Deviation
2.7 Numerical Measures of Relative Standing
2.8 Methods for Detecting Outliers (Optional)
2.9 Graphing Bivariate Relationships (Optional)
2.10 Distorting the Truth with Descriptive Techniques
Statistics In Action: The "Eye Cue" Test: Does Experience Improve Performance?
Using Technology: Describing Data in MINITAB
3. Probability
3.1 Events, Sample Spaces, and Probability
3.2 Unions and Intersections
3.3 Complementary Events
3.4 The Additive Rule and Mutually Exclusive Events
3.5 Conditional Probability
3.6 The Multiplicative Rule and Independent Events
3.7 Random Sampling
3.8 Some Counting Rules (Optional)
3.9 Bayes’ Rule (Optional)
Statistics In Action: Lotto Buster! — Can You Improve Your Chances of Winning the Lottery?
Using Technology: Generating a Random Sample in MINITAB
4. Discrete Random Variables
4.1 Two Types of Random Variables
4.2 Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables
4.3 Expected Values of Discrete Random Variables
4.4 The Binomial Random Variable
4.5 The Poisson Random Variable (Optional)
4.6 The Hypergeometric Random Variable (Optional)
Statistics in Action: Probability in a Reverse Cocaine Sting — Was Cocaine Really Sold?
Using Technology: Binomial, Poisson, and Hypergeometric Probabilities in MINITAB
5. Continuous Random Variables
5.1 Continuous Probability Distributions
5.2 The Uniform Distribution
5.3 The Normal Distribution
5.4 Descriptive Methods for Assessing Normality
5.5 Approximating a Binomial Distribution with a Normal Distribution (Optional)
5.6 The Exponential Distribution (Optional)
Statistics in Action: Super Weapons Development — Is the Hit Ratio Optimized?
Using Technology: Normal Probability Plots in MINITAB
6. Sampling Distributions
6.1 What is a Sampling Distribution?
6.2 Properties of Sampling Distributions: Unbiasedness and Minimum Variance (Optional)
6.3 The Central Limit Theorem
Statistics in Action: The Insomnia Pill — Will It Take Less Time to Fall Asleep?
Using Technology: Simulating a Sampling Distribution in MINITAB
7. Inferences Based on a Single Sample: Estimation with Confidence Intervals
7.1 Identifying the Target Parameter
7.2 Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Mean
7.3 Small-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Mean
7.4 Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion
7.5 Determining the Sample Size
Statistics in Action: Speed–Can a High School Football Player Improve His Sprint Time?
Using Technology: Confidence Intervals in MINITAB
8. Inferences Based on a Single Sample: Tests of Hypothesis
8.1 The Elements of a Test of Hypothesis
8.2 Large-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Mean
8.3 Observed Significance Levels: p-Values
8.4 Small-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Mean
8.5 Large-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Proportion
8.6 Calculating Type II Error Probabilities: More About ß (Optional)
8.7 Test of Hypothesis About a Population Variance (Optional)
Statistics in Action: Diary of a Kleenex User — How Many Tissues in a Box?
Using Technology: Tests of Hypothesis in MINITAB
9. Inferences Based on a Two Samples: Confidence Intervals and Tests of Hypotheses
9.1 Identifying the Target Parameter
9.2 Comparing Two Population Means: Independent Sampling
9.3 Comparing Two Population Means: Paired Difference Experiments
9.4 Comparing Two Population Proportions: Independent Sampling
9.5 Determining the Sample Size
9.6 Comparing Two Population Variances: Independent Sampling (Optional)
Statistics in Action: Do Homework Assignments Designed to Involve Family Members Really Work?
Using Technology: Two-Sample Inferences in MINITAB
10. Analysis of Variance: Comparing More Than Two Means
10.1 Elements of a Designed Experiment
10.2 The Completely Randomized Design
10.3 Multiple Comparisons of Means
10.4 The Randomized Block Design
10.5 Factorial Experiments
Statistics in Action: On the Trail of the Cockroach: Do Roaches Travel at Random?
Using Technology: Analysis of Variance in MINITAB
11. Simple Linear Regression
11.1 Probabilistic Models
11.2 Fitting the Model: The Least Squares Approach
11.3 Model Assumptions
11.4 Assessing the Utility of the Model: Making Inferences About the Slope ß1
11.5 The Coefficients of Correlation and Determination
11.6 Using the Model for Estimation and Prediction
11.7 A Complete Example
Statistics in Action: Can "Dowsers" Really Detect Water?
Using Technology: Simple Linear Regression in MINITAB
12. Multiple Regression and Model Building
12.1 Multiple Regression Models
12.2 The First-Order Model: Inferences About the Individual ß-Parameters
12.3 Evaluating the Overall Utility of a Model
12.4 Using the Model for Estimation and Prediction
12.5 Model Building: Interaction Models
12.6 Model Building: Quadratic and other Higher-Order Models
12.7 Model Building: Qualitative (Dummy) Variable Models
12.8 Model Building: Models with both Quantitative and Qualitative Variables
12.9 Model Building: Comparing Nested Models (Optional)
12.10 Model Building: Stepwise Regression (Optional)
12.11 Residual Analysis: Checking the Regression Assumptions
12.12 Some Pitfalls: Estimability, Multicollinearity, and Extrapolation
Statistics in Action: Modeling Condo Sales: Are There Differences in Auction Prices?
Using Technology: Multiple Regression in MINITAB
13. Categorical Data Analysis
13.1 Categorical Data and the Multinomial Distribution
13.2 Testing Categorical Probabilities: One-Way Table
13.3 Testing Categorical Probabilities: Two-Way (Contingency) Table
13.4 A Word of Caution About Chi-Square Tests
Statistics in Action: College Students and Alcohol — Is Drinking Frequency Related to Amount?
Using Technology: Chi-Square Analyses in MINITAB
14. Nonparametric Statistics
14.1 Introduction: Distribution-Free Tests
14.2 Single Population Inferences
14.3 Comparing Two Populations: Independent Samples
14.4 Comparing Two Populations: Paired Difference Experiment
14.5 Comparing Three or More Populations: Completely Randomized Design
14.6 Comparing Three or More Populations: Randomized Block Design
14.7 Rank Correlation
Statistics in Action: How Vulnerable are Wells to Groundwater Contamination?
Using Technology: Nonparametric Analyses in MINITAB
Appendix A: Tables
Table I Random Numbers
Table II Binomial Probabilities
Table III Poisson Probabilities
Table IV Normal Curve Areas
Table V Exponentials
Table VI Critical Values of t
Table VII Critical Values of ?2
Table VIII Percentage Points of the F Distribution, ?=.10
Table IX Percentage Points of the F Distribution, ?=.05
Table X Percentage Points of the F Distribution, ?=.025
Table XI Percentage Points of the F Distribution, ?=.01
Table XII Critical Values of TL and TU for the Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test
Table XIII Critical Values of T0 in the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test
Table XIV Critical Values of Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient
Appendix B: Calculation Formulas for Analysis of Variance
Short Answers to Selected Odd-Numbered Exercises

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